A Resource for Students: The Water Cycle


The processes of evaporation, transpiration, sublimation, concentration, precipitation, overflow, and infiltration make up the majority of the water cycle.

First of all…

The phrase “hydrologic cycle,” sometimes referred to as “water cycle,” refers to the continuous movement of water on Earth. Water changes phases on a regular basis and is transported by the weather and other physical processes. Together, these factors work with energy to keep the cycle going. This encounter is what starts this feedback loop. So what are the water cycle steps? Here are the answers you will get.

What are the components of the water cycle and how does it function?

The hydrological cycle is a complicated series of physical and chemical processes that ends with the transformation and transportation of water.

Vapour Discharge

The process through which liquid water turns into water vapour or humidity is called evaporation. The water can only evaporate with the help of heat, and the sun is the main source of heat for this process. The heat from the sun evaporates water from the earth and from bodies of water, such as lakes and seas, during the day. This liquid either remains in the atmosphere as a vapour or condenses into clouds.

The process of occuring

Through a process known as transpiration, plants release water vapour into the atmosphere to take part in the hydrological cycle. Stomata are the tiny, permeable pores found in plant leaves. The air is better circulated thanks to these openings. Moreover, it produces water vapour, raising the relative humidity of the area.

Ascending to the Eternal

When subjected to the seal pressure, water will travel through the phases of solid, liquid, and gas in the prescribed sequence. However, due of the reduced air pressure that exists at high elevations, especially in mountainous areas, ice may turn immediately into water vapour rather than first becoming a liquid. This process is well described by sublimation. Cloud formation and disintegration at high altitudes occur through a process known as sublimation.

Summing up, if you please

The process through which water vapour turns into a liquid is called condensation. As air currents rise, moisture is carried higher and higher through the atmosphere. When moisture in the air condenses on tiny dust particles because of the drop in temperature, clouds are created.

A wet or chilly day

The movement of air currents allows the small water droplets that make up clouds to group together and enlarge into larger droplets. We refer to precipitation as rain when the droplets are too large to float in midair and as snow when they are exactly the correct size.

Hydrostatic liquid

“Runoff” refers to the water that enters bigger bodies of water, such lakes and oceans, through channels like rivers and streams. A key pathway for the return of freshwater to the sea is runoff.


Small holes and fractures in the soil allow water to flow into the earth. By doing this, it raises the water table and contributes to the formation of subsurface water. Transpiration is the mechanism through which plants absorb this moisture and subsequently release it back into the atmosphere.


Biogeochemical cycles are closed systems in which elements and chemical molecules are continually recycled. The broader biogeochemical cycle includes the water cycle. The constant movement of water through ecosystems and the environment is referred to as the “water cycle.” This process involves the phases of evaporation, condensation, precipitation, and collecting.